Ritha is a common tree in Shivalik Hills and the outer Himalayas
of Utter Pradesh, Uttranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Jammu & Kashmir.
In this entire region, starting from Afghanistan in
the west to China in the east, it is found growing naturally
in suitable tracts. This tree flourishes in deep clayey
loam soil and does best in areas experiencing nearly
150 to 200 cm of annual rainfall.
The trunk of Ritha is straight and cylindrical, nearly 4 to 5 m
in height. The canopy comprising side branches and foliage
constitutes an umbrella-like hemispherical top measuring
about 5 m in diameter. The tree can reach an height
of 25 m and a girth of 3 to 5 m in nearly 70 years of
its existence. Ritha is thus an excellent tree for planting
The bark of Ritha is shinning gray and fairly smooth when the plant
is young. It is dark gray when the plant approaches
maturity. Ritha leaves are long stalked odd pinnate.
The rachis is nearly 30 to 50 cm long and bears 5 to
10 pairs of leaflets. An individual leaflet is about
7 to 15 cm long and 2 to 5 cm wide. It is acuminate
and lanceolate in shape. The size of leaflets towards
the tip of the rachis is smaller.
Ritha flowers during summer. The flowers are small and greenish
white, polygamous and mostly bisexual in terminal thyrses
or compound cymose panicles. These are sub-sessile;
numerous in number and at times occur in lose panicles
at the end of branches. The fruit appears in July-August
and ripens by November-December. These are solitary
globose, round nuts 2 to 2.5 cm diameter, fleshy, saponaceous
and yellowish brown in color. The seed is enclosed in
a black, smooth and hard globose endocarp. The fruit
is collected during winter months for seed and or sale
in the market as soap nut.
The dried fruit of Ritha is most valuable part of the plant. Its
fleshy portion contains saponin, which is a good substitute
for washing soap and is as such used in preparation
of quality shampoos, detergents, etc. In fact the skin
of the fruit is highly valued by the rural folks as
a natural produced shampoo for washing their hair. They
also use these for washing woolen clothes. This is why
some botanists have named the species as Sapindus detergens.
Ritha foliage can be used as cattle fodder during drought. The
fruit is of considerable importance for its medicinal
value as well. Ayurvedic, Unani and Tibetan systems
of medicine consider it to be useful for treating a
number of diseases like common cold, pimples, epilepsy,
constipation, nausea, etc. It is also used as expectorant
and enthelmintic in small doses. The Central Drug Research
Institute, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), has recently developed
a contraceptive cream out of Ritha fruit. It is being
marketed under the trade name 'Consap'.
Ritha wood is hard and light yellow in color. It is close-grained
and compact weighing about 30 kg per cubic foot. The
wood is utilized for rural building construction, oil
and sugar presses, agricultural implements, etc.
Ritha seed germinates easily. To ensure cent per cent germination,
the seed is soaked in lukewarm water for 24 hours and
then sown, either directly in already prepared 60 x
60 cm pits at 5m x 5m spacing or sown in polythene bags
filled with clayey loam soil mixed with farmyard manure
or similarly prepared nursery beds.
available in the following forms
With inside corn in 25 kilo PP bag packing as a whole
Without inside corn in 25 kilo PP bag packing as a outside
cover of the whole nut.
Grinded Powder form With inside corn in 25 kilo PP bag
Grinded Powder form Without inside corn in 25 kilo PP
the above are also available in one kilo packs of PE
bag packing and Cotton Bag Packing.
Detergent picked by the
In India and Nepal the
wash nut (Sapindus mukorossi) already is for primeval
times as vegetable detergent in the daily use.
The warrant of apprehension
Originally the wash nut tree is resident in south India,
but nowadays one finds it over completely to India common.
The wash nut tree usually grows up to 15 m up and at
the crown up to 1,50m into the width. The sheets become
long between 12 and 30 cm. In the months March/April
is decorated the tree with white blooms. The harvest
of the fruits (Waschnuesse) takes place in September/October.
Mature Nuesse have a golden color and are sticky. By
storage the Nuesse dries; their color changes in a reddish
brown and the tackness diminishes.
After the harvest the Waschnuesse
is cracked. The bowls are carefully dried and packed
in material bags. The internal black core is suitable
neither for consumption nor for washing. The bowls however
have valuable contents materials, which are suitable
outstanding for the laundry washing. They contain the
material saponin, which works similarly as soap.
As soon as they with water
in contact come deliver it a seifige caustic solution.
In the old days the Indian Mrs. Waschnuss-Schalen used,
in order to wash and maintain their beautiful hair.
Humans understood also the art to manufacture wash nut
powders as well as ayurvedischen herbs to a body soap.
Still today in the province of India the table-ware
and other household effects with the soap solution are
cleaned. Besides also the juwelier used the Waschnuesse,
in order to bring its gold and silver decoration on
The modern employment of
the wash nut:
Problem-free the wash nut in the washing machine can
be used. The material pouch prevents that wash nutshells
must be picked out after completion of the washing process
between the laundry.
Contrary to commercial detergents, which contain a considerable
number of chemicals such as solvents, odoriferous substances,
preservatives and Aufheller, the wash nut preserves
the environment and is particularly strike friendly.
A Weichspueler is not necessary usually, or rather counter
productive, since the welding admission is obstructed
e.g. in cotton thereby, the laundry is smell neutral.
As the wash nut functions:
The Waschnuesse delivers a seifige caustic solution,
as soon as they come with water into contact.
One of the three enclosed small material pouches with
4-5 half wash nutshells fill - well zuschnueren. The
pouch then directly into the washing machine between
the laundry put. Washing process as used with or without
At hot wash temperatures the Waschnuesse yields more
up than at low temperatures. Therefore also a repeated
use of the Waschnuesse in the connection is possible
in the low temperature range.
After completion of the washing process, the remainders
of the wash nutshells take the material pouch entsorgen.
The pouch is dried with the laundry and used with next
time again. The two further reserve pouches if necessary
The remainders of the Waschnuesse are kompostiert over
the bio garbage entsorgt or.
Which may be washed with
Multicolored and cook laundry 30 - 90 degrees.
Insider Tipps: Outstanding for all wash
temperatures suitably. Frottee towels become kuschelig
also without Weichspueler. For normally gotten dirty
laundry almost ideally, within the multicolored laundry
range color carefully. With extreme marks the addition
of a essloeffel mark salt is recommended. For a natural
smell an ethereal oil can be given to the laundry after
free choice - e.g. Lavendeloel - to the washing machine
(rinsing procedure). If you one behind the other wash
two machines in low temperature ranges (30-60C), you
can use the same wash nut pouch also a second time.
Gold and silver decoration
2-3 half wash nutshells in a dish with 100-150 ml hot
water for approx. 45 minutes of in-soft. Eingeweichte
bowls on the palm something rubbeln, so that a lighter
foam develops. Clean the decoration with the pieces
of bowl. If necessary also a soft toothbrush can be
used. This is then dipped into the einweichwasser.
Price performance ratio:
A 1 kg of bags hands approx. 1 year for a 4-koepfige
family, with 2-3 washing processes per week and costs
from 20,00 to 23.50 euro (depending upon ordered quantity)
- comparatively one gives for it 80.00 to 100.00 euro
for a conventional detergent to the upper preisklasse
out (lower preisklasse 50.00 to 60.00 euro).
The advantages on a view:
- Purely vegetable detergent for gentle and careful
cleaning of the laundry - however nevertheless clean
and thorough. Neutral smell, biologically degradably.
In addition the wash nut makes the laundry soft in
natural way and makes redundant thereby Weichspueler.
- Colorcarefully - all colored textiles such as Jeans
and t-Shirts keep much longer their colors.
- Outstanding for Allergiker and persons with skin
problems such as Neurodermitis and shed lichen.
- Environmentally conscious washing - waters and
rivers are exempted from chemicals.